Robotic milking technology (also referred to as Automatic Milking Systems) was developed in Europe to address labor issues on dairy farms and became available there in 1992. This technology was introduced to the U.S. in 2000 and Michigan in 2009. Robotic milking is a voluntary milking system that allows cows to set their own milking schedule. Because the robot milks the cow, farmers have more flexibility in how they use their time and more time to devote to farm management or other activities. Automatic milking systems collect information on milk quantity and quality and cow health, which helps farmers better manage their herd.